Updated: Jan 29, 2020
According to census data, the population of D.C. is approximately 660,000 and is 51% black, 39% white, and 9% Hispanic.
Due in part to its nature as a political hub, whereby regimes change every 4 or 8 years, D.C. is one of the most transient cities in the U.S. According to data published by the U.S. Census Bureau in 2011, only 37.3% of D.C. residents were born in D.C. The transient population is overwhelmingly professional, young, white, affluent, and highly educated. This is in stark contrast to the local African-American population, which has deep roots in the community. The sometimes uncomfortable blend of the transient professional population and permanent residents is often the source of controversy, especially as D.C. has been experiencing a wave of neighborhood rebuilding and "gentrification." Young professionals have been moving into poorer neighborhoods in search of lower rents, short commutes, and easy access to city amenities. While there is inevitably some conflict around neighborhood change, these changes have also created D.C.'s most diverse, culturally vibrant, and exciting neighborhoods—just walk up U St in Shaw or 18th St in Adams Morgan and you'll see that it's not a vain hope that the city's various cultures can come together to create something greater.